Management of Fracture Pain
The fracture healing process is commonly accompanied with persisting pain and the reason of that is poorly understood. Pain is always expected during the acute period after the fracture or orthopedic surgery. However, the pain level varies greatly among the patients and depend on multitude factors, such as age, sex, BMI, and genetics. Bone pain is complex, involving sensory, emotional, and perceptual feedback from various brain areas. Additional factors of depression and anxiety are proved to greatly alter the perception of pain. Evidence-based treatment strategy to manage pain in trauma-induced fractures and post-operative procedures is opioids and NSAIDs. Adding NSAIDs to the therapy plan helps to decrease the dose of opioid medications. Check more details in the article by US authors.