Management innovations in dental hypersensitivity

According to the article published in Dental and Medical Problems Journal this year, at least one in ten individuals has been diagnosed with dentin hypersensitivity. The most common symptoms are described as short, sharp pain in response to hot and cold temperatures, evaporative, tactile, osmotic, or chemical stimuli. 3 theories have been proposed to explain the mechanism of such pain: the neural theory due to involvement of nerve fibers, the odontoblast theory where odontoblasts are activated as sensory cells and the hydrodynamic theory. The last one is the most commonly accepted, thus the treatment strategy is based on that. There are a few modalities classified by mechanism of action – physical and chemical occlusion of the dentinal tubules, nerve desensitization, and photobiomodulation. The detailed review is by the link.

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