Cardiac arrest - what every physician should know?

Most cardiac deaths are reported to be sudden and unexpected. The cause of this state varies by population and age, but usually include those with heart pathology. Every medical provider is required to complete a training program nowadays and recertify every 2-4 years. As such cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have improved life-saving interventions and decreased the risks of fatal outcomes. According to the American Heart Association, cardiac arrest is the sudden cessation of cardiac activity resulting in victim unresponsiveness, absence of normal breathing or signs of circulation. Treatment first of all depends on level of rescuer training and scope of practice. Those medical professionals who are certified for basic life support (BLS) should provide CPR and ventilation. Next level specialists should provide advanced life support (ALS): BLS with the addition of medications and advanced airways.